Accrued Inventory Payable (i.e. Inventory Holding): How does it work?
Accrued Inventory Payable (also known as Inventory Holding) is a holding account that supports Purchase Order receipts that have not yet been invoiced by the Vendor. The process allows you to reconcile your PO receipts against the Vendor's invoice. As a Liability it carries a nominal Credit balance.
When you receive a shipment of Inventory (i.e. PO Line Items), your sales team wants access to those items so they can be sold. The Vendor's invoice is typically received sometime after receipt of the Inventory shipment so the Accounts Payable department has not yet recorded an actual Liability for the Purchase. In order to balance the value of Inventory that has been received but not yet paid for, AV makes an entry to a holding account called Accrued Inventory Payable. When a Voucher is set up for the Vendor invoice the Accrued Inventory Payable account relieved by a debit and Accounts Payable is credited.
The accounting look like this:
- Purchase Order Receipt (aka Purchase Event):
- Debit to Inventory Asset at the PO Cost
- Credit to Accrued Inventory Payable at the PO Cost
- AP Voucher (aka Vendor Invoice):
- Debit to Accrued Inventory Payable at the PO Cost (netting this account to $0 for the PO receipt).
- Credit to Accounts Payable for the Voucher amount (or a credit to the GL Account associated with any selected alternate Payment Type)
- Optional: Additional Debit to Inventory Asset or Cost of Sales for any change in the Vendor's price or to record Landed Costs
So you can see that the Accrued Inventory Payable account simply holds the value of the received PO items until the Vendor's invoice is entered.